Gastritis is called a disease of the century and can be diagnosed in 2/3 of the world's population. The disease is usually asymptomatic, but with a tendency to progression. Chronic gastritis can eventually develop into a peptic ulcer and even stomach cancer. Clinical nutrition is not the only one, but an important part of the prevention and treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. What diet is recommended for gastritis: what can and should not use gastroenterologist patients?
The organization of proper nutrition for gastritis means a complete review of the diet, exclusion of foods that irritate the gastric mucosa. Steamed and boiled dishes are preferred. For any type of gastritis, it is forbidden to eat fried and fatty foods.
Foods for gastritis of the stomach are organized taking into account the rules:
- the optimum temperature for food is 20 to 50 °;
- meals are taken at the same time, 5 to 6 times a day;
- avoid overeating;
- when choosing a diet for gastritis, take into account the concomitant diseases;
- exclude alcohol, smoking;
- refuse smoked, pickled and spicy dishes;
- have dinner 2-3 hours before going to bed;
- chew food well;
- refrain from snacking while running;
- can drink 30 minutes after eating;
- boil the food well.
This mode has a beneficial effect on the regeneration of the mucous membrane. The menu for gastritis of the stomach should be varied, include a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals. The patient must not starve.
Foods for gastritis
A therapeutic diet for gastritis patients necessarily includes food and surrounding components that repair damaged mucous cells. Food should contain a lot of B vitamins. These elements are usually not enough in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Use healthy foods for all forms of chronic gastritis:
- Oats - a source of fiber, antioxidants;
- Vegetable oils - contain fatty acids, tocopherol;
- Milk (if well tolerated);
- Dairy products: normalize intestinal function due to the high content of bacteria responsible for strong immunity;
- Ripe bananas: stimulate the production of protective mucus, are rich in B vitamins, magnesium;
- Berries: better digested than fruits, with increased secretion, acid-free varieties are released;
- Rice: has absorbent properties;
- Potatoes - Helps to improve metabolism, raw vegetable juice is used for medicinal purposes.
The correct pattern of drinking helps relieve irritation and discomfort. Liquid improves the mobility of the gastrointestinal tract, dilutes excess stomach acid. The amount of clean water without gases in the daily diet should be at least 1, 5 liters.
What not to eat with gastritis
- margarine spread;
- fast food;
- rye bread;
- heavy cream;
- fresh fruits (except bananas, sweet apples, pears);
- ice cream;
- confectionery products;
- canned food;
- carbonated drinks;
- varieties of salty cheese;
In case of exacerbation of the disease, it is necessary to limit the consumption of pasta, shellfish, seeds, nuts. If the inflammation of the stomach is combined with diseases of the liver, the gallbladder and eggs are used as components of dishes. Eating them separately in tortilla form is undesirable in case of a combination of gastrointestinal illnesses.
Foods allowed for gastritis
To normalize the level of acidity, the treatment is combined with a special diet, which excludes dishes that increase the production of secretory fluid in the stomach.
Nutrition significantly accelerates the healing process in superficial focal gastritis. As a general rule, small lesions of the mucous membrane can be cured with the help of the medical menu and medications after 10-14 days. In the case of deep injuries, it is recommended to eat properly for the rest of your life.
A list of foods you can eat for high acid gastritis:
- Flour products.
- Rice, buckwheat, and oats are especially helpful for the stomach.
- Vegetable puree. It is recommended to prepare salads from grated vegetables.
- Eggs must be well cooked. Do not eat eggs more than 3 times a week.
- Dairy products. They neutralize excess stomach acid.
- Hard and curd cheese.
- Meat. The most useful varieties for gastritis are turkey, rabbit.
- Fish. Low-fat varieties are suitable: pollock, cod, pink salmon, sole, hake, pike.
- Sweet desserts include honey, jam, marmalade, marshmallows. For cooking, you can use a curd casserole.
- Still mineral water.
Characteristics of the gastritis diet
In people with low acidity, digestion is difficult due to a lack of enzymes. The signs of this pathology are poor appetite, weight loss, pale skin, and vitamin deficiencies.
Coarse food causes aggravation. People with hypoacid gastritis should not consume:
- fruit with skin;
- berries with seeds: raspberries, strawberries, currants;
- pure milk.
The list of foods for high acid gastritis is roughly the same as for the hyperacid form. There are differences in diet. With low acidity, you can use:
- sour fruits, vegetables and berries (citrus also belong to this group);
- fruit juices.
Special attention is paid to mincing food. It is advisable to eat in a relaxed atmosphere, chew well. With low acidity, intolerance to meat, milk, eggs is possible. In this case, foods that cause discomfort are excluded from the diet so as not to provoke complications of gastritis.
Diet with exacerbation of gastritis
When acute gastritis is accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea, the body needs a higher fluid intake. The rehydrating salt preparation powder dissolved in water helps to restore the water-salt balance. If the active phase of the disease is accompanied by pain and constipation, the following diet is recommended:
|Product range||Resistance method|
|Bread and bakery products||Wheat bread||As breadcrumbs, up to 100g per day|
|Soups||Cereals: semolina, rice, oats, pearl barley or flour (rice, buckwheat, oats)||Viscous broths or semolina milk soups, as well as pureed oats, rice and wheat|
|Fish dishes||Pike perch or other lean fish||In the form of dumplings, soufflé, puree|
|Meat dishes||Lean meats: beef, veal, chicken||Stripped of tendons in the form of meatballs, soufflé, mashed potatoes (steamed, boiled meat)|
|Vegetable dishes and side dishes||Homogenized vegetables||Pureed raw and pureed vegetables|
|Eggs||No more than 2-3 pcs.||Soft boil or omelette|
|Sweets, candies, fruits and berries||Sweet dishes made with non-acidic varieties of berries and fruits, syrups, preserves, meringues, snowballs||Jelly only, jelly|
|Milk, dairy products and their meals||Whole milk, condensed milk, cream. Non-acidic fresh curd (acidity not higher than 180 according to Turner)||Natural and whipped cream. Pureed cottage cheese with sugar and milk or cream. Milk sauce or sour cream (from fresh sour cream)|
|Drinks||Sweet fruit and berry juices, rosehip decoction|
|Fat||Well-refined unsalted butter, olive or sunflower||Do not fry, add to dishes in kind|
The menu for acute gastritis includes liquid and grated dishes that promote healing of the stomach lining:
- slimy soups with rice and rolled oats;
- steamed cutlets, soufflé with minced meat;
- slimy mush;
- weak tea.
Recipes for gastritis
Most of the diet consists of liquid and ground foods. The recipes for the listed dishes are suitable not only for adults but also for children.
Soup recipes for gastritis
The first meals for a gastritis diet include vegetarian soups. Fatty broths increase the production of secretory fluid, so they should not be consumed by people with high stomach acid and ulcerative gastritis. The best options for the first course are the slimy rice soup and the vegetable puree soup.
To prepare oatmeal soup, you need 0. 5 rolled oats, 600 ml of water, salt. The oats are cooked for 10-15 minutes. Such a soup can be prepared with the addition of a lezon, a mixture of milk and eggs. It is added at the end of cooking. Beat the egg and 200 ml of milk in a separate bowl. The finished soup is filtered through a strainer. Then beat it with a whisk and bring it to a boil again. Lezon is poured in a fine stream 5 minutes after the oven is turned off. In this case, the contents are constantly mixed until a homogeneous mass is obtained.
Slimy Rice Soup can be made with milk. Ingredients:
- 55 g of cereals;
- 400 ml of milk;
- 150 ml of water;
- vegetable oil;
- 2 teaspoons of sugar.
The rice is washed, boiled in water until half cooked. Then add milk, sugar, salt. Before serving, season with vegetable oil, crackers.
Food gastritis includes vegetable broths. For example, cauliflower soup. To prepare a dish, take a little onion, carrots, 200 g of cabbage. Cook the vegetables for 15 to 20 minutes and blend them with a blender. Bring the soup to a boil, add 10% cream and turn off the heat. The finished dish is served with herbs.
Vegetable stew for gastritis
- olive oil.
Steamed onion and carrots in a little water. After 10 minutes, cut the remaining vegetables into cubes. Cook the stew until tender. Cooking time 20-30 minutes. Olive oil is added to the vegetable stew before serving.